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Though an inferior vena cava filter can help reduce the risk of pulmonary embolism, it also can cause IVC filter complications or side effects. Victims of such injuries may be legally entitled to payments for their losses by means of an IVC filter lawsuit provided by Jim Adler & Associates.

List of IVC Filter Side Effects


A list of IVC filter side effects includes the following:

  • Procedural complications when the device is inserted
  • Malposition when the device is placed improperly
  • Defective filter deployment when the filter has crossed legs
  • Migration, as when the filter improperly moves to the heart
  • Thrombosis, when the filter causes a DVT, or deep vein thrombosis
  • Fracture, when the filter breaks apart in the blood vessel
  • Perforation, when the filter penetrates the wall of a vein or other body part
  • Pulmonary embolism, when the filter causes a pulmonary embolism, which it is actually designed to prevent
  • Infection, when bacteria enters during filter implantation
  • Retrievable complications, when removal of a retrievable IVC filter is difficult or causes injury

According to the Journal of Vascular Surgery, IVC filter placement is associated with “a high rate of serious complications” and “with death occurring in 3.7 per cent of patients.”

The journal reports that the most common complication is IVC filter penetration and perforation.

Studies are Needed

According to the National Institutes of Health, further studies are needed to evaluate fully the complications and side effects of retrievable IVC filters, which have come into wider use in the past decade. It’s believed such studies should focus on implantation and removal.

Already, many studies have been made of permanent IVC filters, which are the more traditional type in use.

Studies have shown that early diagnosis and management of side effects are important, since IVC filter complications can arise.

Why Are IVC Filters Used?

As for why IVC filters are used despite possibly harmful side effects, this often involves matters of need, as well as weighing the difference between risk and gain.

Often such filters are employed after surgery or an accident, which can place a patient in danger of developing a blood clot or pulmonary embolism. Such accidents or injuries can include:

  • Car crash
  • Emergency surgery
  • Voluntary surgery
  • Serious falls
  • Stabbing injury
  • Gunshot injury
  • Spinal cord injury

Even so, IVC filters should not necessarily be used unless a patient has not achieved the desired results from taking anticoagulant medications first. In medical terms, that means blood thinning drugs are contraindicated, or ineffective. Yet often such blood thinners can, in fact, reduce the risk of blood clots without IVC filter implantation.

IVC Filter Legal Actions

Patients who receive an IVC filter and then suffer complications or side effects have a legal right to seek economic recovery for their injury losses by means of an IVC filter lawsuit. Notify our law firm today for a free case review.

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